

Contents


Week 1: 
Definition of combustion, combustion modes and flame types. 
Week 2: 
Combustion and thermochemistry  Thermodynamic properties, First law of thermodynamics, stoichiometry of reactant and product mixtures, absolute enthalpy and enthalpy of formation, enthalpy of combustion and heating values, adiabatic flame temperatures, chemical equilibrium, equilibrium products of combustion, recuperation, regeneration and exhaust gas recirculation. 
Week 3: 
Mass transfer  Mass transfer rate laws, species conservation, the Stefan problem, liquidvapor interface boundary conditions, droplet evaporation. 
Week 4: 
Chemical kinetics  Elementary reaction rates, rates of reaction for multistep mechanisms, relation between rate coefficients and equilibrium constants, steadystate approximation, the mechanism for unimolecular reactions, chain and chainbranching reactions. 
Week 5: 
Some important chemical mechanisms  Hydrogenoxygen system, carbonmonoxide oxidation, oxidation of higher paraffins, methane combustion, oxides of nitrogen formation. 
Week 6: 
Coupling chemical and thermal analyses of reacting systems  Constant pressure fixedmass reactor, constant volume fixedmass reactor, wellstirred reactor, plugflow reactor, applications to combustion system modelling. 
Week 7: 
Simplified conservation equations for reacting flows  Overall mass conservation, species mass conservation, momentum conservation, energy conservation, the concept of a conserved scalar. 
Week 8: 
Midterm exam. 
Week 9: 
Laminar premixed flames  Physical description, simplified analysis, factors influencing flame velocity and thickness, flame speed correlations for selected fuels, quenching by a cold wall, flammability limits and ignition, flame stabilization. 
Week 10: 
Laminar diffusion flames (burning jets)  Nonreacting constant density laminar jet conservation laws, boundary conditions and solution, Jet flame physical description, Simplified theoretical analysis: Burning jet conservation equations, additional relations, conserved scalar approach, various solutions. 
Week 11: 
Laminar diffusion flames (burning jets)  Flame lengths for circularport and slot burners, Roper's correlations, flowrate and geometry effects, factors affecting stoichiometry, soot formation and destruction. 
Week 12: 
Droplet evaporation and burning  Applications in diesel engines, gasturbine engines, liquidrocket engines, simple model of droplet evaporation and droplet lifetime, simple model of droplet burning, burning rate constant and droplet lifetime, extension to convective environments. 
Week 13: 
Droplet evaporation and burning  Advanced approaches, onedimensional vaporizationcontrolled combustion modelling and analysis. 
Week 14: 
Axisymmetric turbulent jets, turbulent premixed flames and applications in sparkignition engines, gasturbine engines and industrial gas burners, turbulent flame speed, strucure of turbulent premixed flames (wrinkled laminarflame, distributed reaction and flameletsineddies regime), flame stabilization (bypass ports, burner tiles, bluff bodies, swirl or jetinduced recirculation). 
Week 15*: 
Turbulent nonpremixed flames  Simplified analysis of jet flames, flame length, flame radiation, liftoff and blowout. 
Week 16*: 
Final exam. 
Textbooks and materials: 
An Introduction to Combustion, Turns S., McGrawHill 
Recommended readings: 
Principles of Combustion, Kuo K., Wiley Combustion, Glassmann I., Yetter R., Academic Press Combustion Theory, Williams F., BenjaminCummings Combustion Physics, Law C., Cambridge Turbulent Combustion, Peters N., Cambridge Theoretical and Numerical Combustion, Poinsot T., Veynante D., Edwards 

* Between 15th and 16th weeks is there a free week for students to prepare for final exam.

