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Syllabus ( ME 541 )


   Basic information
Course title: Heat Exchanger Design
Course code: ME 541
Lecturer: Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Salih Özen ÜNVERDİ
ECTS credits: 7.5
GTU credits: 3 (3+0+0)
Year, Semester: 1/2, Fall and Spring
Level of course: Second Cycle (Master's)
Type of course: Area Elective
Language of instruction: English
Mode of delivery: Face to face
Pre- and co-requisites: none
Professional practice: No
Purpose of the course: Thermal design and analysis of heat exchangers and heat pipes.
   Learning outcomes Up

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Determine necessary physical variables and properties to generate mathematical models of heat exchanger design and analysis problems in engineering.

    Contribution to Program Outcomes

    1. Define and manipulate advanced concepts of Mechanical Engineering
    2. Formulate and solve advanced engineering problems,
    3. Review the literature critically pertaining to his/her research projects, and connect the earlier literature to his/her own results,
    4. Acquire detailed information through scientific researches in his/her field of study and compare, evaluate and apply the results.
    5. Acquire scientific knowledge
    6. Design and conduct research projects independently
    7. Develop an awareness of continuous learning in relation with modern technology
    8. Effectively express his/her research ideas and findings both orally and in writing
    9. Demonstrate professional and ethical responsibility.

    Method of assessment

    1. Written exam
    2. Homework assignment
    3. Seminar/presentation
    4. Term paper
  2. Model engineering heat exchanger design and analysis problems with differential and integral control volume approaches.

    Contribution to Program Outcomes

    1. Define and manipulate advanced concepts of Mechanical Engineering
    2. Formulate and solve advanced engineering problems,
    3. Review the literature critically pertaining to his/her research projects, and connect the earlier literature to his/her own results,
    4. Apply modern techniques, skills and equipments to advanced engineering practice
    5. Acquire scientific knowledge
    6. Work effectively in multi-disciplinary research teams
    7. Develop an awareness of continuous learning in relation with modern technology
    8. Effectively express his/her research ideas and findings both orally and in writing
    9. Write progress reports clearly on the basis of published documents, thesis, etc

    Method of assessment

    1. Written exam
    2. Homework assignment
    3. Seminar/presentation
    4. Term paper
  3. Solve engineering heat exchanger design and analysis problems with analytical and numerical methods.

    Contribution to Program Outcomes

    1. Define and manipulate advanced concepts of Mechanical Engineering
    2. Formulate and solve advanced engineering problems,
    3. Review the literature critically pertaining to his/her research projects, and connect the earlier literature to his/her own results,
    4. Apply modern techniques, skills and equipments to advanced engineering practice
    5. Acquire scientific knowledge
    6. Design and conduct research projects independently
    7. Develop an awareness of continuous learning in relation with modern technology
    8. Write progress reports clearly on the basis of published documents, thesis, etc
    9. Demonstrate professional and ethical responsibility.

    Method of assessment

    1. Written exam
    2. Homework assignment
    3. Seminar/presentation
    4. Term paper
   Contents Up
Week 1: Classification of Heat Exchangers.
Overview of Heat Exchanger Design Methodology.
Week 2: Basic Thermal Design Theory for Recuperators:
Formal Analogy between Thermal and Electrical Entities.
Heat Exchanger Variables and Thermal Circuit.
The Efficiency-Number of Transfer Units Method.
Week 3: The Mean Temperature Difference Method.
Solution Methods for Determining Heat Exchanger Effectiveness.
Heat Exchanger Design Problems.
Week 4: Additional Considerations for Thermal Design of Recuperators:
Longitudinal Wall Heat Conduction Effects.
Nonuniform Overall Heat Transfer Coefficients.
Extended Surface Exchangers.
Shell-and-Tube Exchangers.
Week 5: Thermal Design Theory for Regenerators:
The Efficiency-Number of Transfer Units Method.
Week 6: Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop Analysis:
Extended Surface Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop.
Regenerator Pressure Drop.
Tubular Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop.
Plate Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop.
Pressure Drop Associated with Fluid Distribution Elements.
Week 7: Surface Basic Heat Transfer and Flow Friction Characteristics:
Dimensionless Groups.
Experimental Techniques for Determining Surface Characteristics.
Heat Transfer and Friction Factor Correlations.
Influence of Superimposed Free Convection.
Influence of Superimposed Radiation.
Week 8: Midterm Exam.
Week 9: Heat Exchanger Surface Geometrical Characteristics:
Tubular Heat Exchangers.
Tube-Fin Heat Exchangers.
Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers.
Shell-and-Tube Exchangers with Segmental Baffles.
Week 10: Heat Exchanger Design Procedures:
Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers.
Tube-Fin Heat Exchangers.
Plate Heat Exchangers.
Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers.
Heat Exchanger Optimization.
Week 11: Thermodynamic Modeling and Analysis:
Modeling a Heat Exchanger Based on the First Law of Thermodynamics.
Irreversibilities in Heat Exchangers.
Energy, Exergy, and Cost Balances in the Analysis and Optimization of Heat Exchangers.
Performance Evaluation Criteria Based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

Week 12: Flow Maldistribution and Header Design:
Geometry & Operating Condition Induced Flow Maldistributions.
Mitigation of Flow Maldistribution.
Header and Manifold Design.
Week 13: Fouling and Corrosion:
Fouling and its Effect on Exchanger Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop.
Phenomenological Considerations of Fouling.
Fouling Resistance Design Approach.
Prevention and Mitigation of Fouling.
Corrosion in Heat Exchangers.
Week 14: Heat Pipes:
Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer at Single-Phase Flow through Porous Media.
Thermohydrodynamics at Vaporization inside Capillary-Porous Structures.
Heat and Mass Transfer at Vaporization on Surfaces with Capillary-Porous Coverings.
Week 15*: Heat Transfer Limitations.
Heat Pipe Thermal Resistance.
Variable Conductance Heat Pipes.
Loop Heat Pipes.
Micro Heat Pipes.
Wick Structures.
Design Example.
Applications of the Heat Pipe.
Cooling of Electronic Components.
Week 16*: Final Exam.
Textbooks and materials: Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design,Ramesh K. Shah,Dusan P. Sekulic, Wiley.
Recommended readings: Heat Exchangers, Selection, Rating and Thermal Design, 3rd ed., Sadik Kakac, Hongtan Liu, Anchasa Pramuanjaroenkij, CRC Press.

Compact Heat Exchangers, Selection, Design and Operation, J. E. Hesselgreaves, Pergamon.

Thermal Performance Modeling of Cross-Flow Heat Exchangers, Luben Cabezas-Gomez, Helio Aparecido Navarro, Jose Maria Saiz-Jabardo, Springer.

Boilers, Evaporators and Condensers, Sadik Kakac, Wiley.

Industrial Boilers and Heat Recovery Steam Generators, Design, Applications and Calculations, V. Ganapathy, Marcel Dekker.

Thermal Design: Heat Sinks, Thermoelectrics, Heat Pipes, Compact Heat Exchangers, and Solar Cells, HoSung Lee, Wiley.

Heat Pipes
Theory, Design and Applications,D.A. Reay, P.A. Kew, R.J. McGlen, Butterworth-Heinemann , Elsevier.

Transport Phenomena in Capillary-Porous Structures and Heat Pipes, Henry Smirnov, CRC Press.

Heat Pipes and Solid Sorption Transformations, Fundamentals and Practical Applications, L.L. Vasiliev, S. Kakaç.

The Evaporation Mechanism in the Wick of Copper Heat Pipes, Shwin-Chung Wong, Springer.
  * Between 15th and 16th weeks is there a free week for students to prepare for final exam.
Assessment Up
Method of assessment Week number Weight (%)
Mid-terms: 8 20
Other in-term studies: 0
Project: 16 30
Homework: 2,4,6,8,10,14,16 10
Quiz: 0
Final exam: 16 40
  Total weight:
(%)
   Workload Up
Activity Duration (Hours per week) Total number of weeks Total hours in term
Courses (Face-to-face teaching): 3 14
Own studies outside class: 4 14
Practice, Recitation: 3 7
Homework: 2 8
Term project: 3 8
Term project presentation: 3 1
Quiz: 0 0
Own study for mid-term exam: 10 1
Mid-term: 3 1
Personal studies for final exam: 10 1
Final exam: 3 1
    Total workload:
    Total ECTS credits:
*
  * ECTS credit is calculated by dividing total workload by 25.
(1 ECTS = 25 work hours)
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