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Syllabus ( MBG 463 )


   Basic information
Course title: Molecular Plant Breeding
Course code: MBG 463
Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fatma AYDINOĞLU
ECTS credits: 5
GTU credits: 3 (3+0+0)
Year, Semester: 4, Spring
Level of course: First Cycle (Undergraduate)
Type of course: Area Elective
Language of instruction: English
Mode of delivery: Face to face
Pre- and co-requisites: none
Professional practice: No
Purpose of the course: Introducing appropriate strategies and techniques to obtain plants that have desired properties such as resistance to several disease, tolerance to unfavorable environmental factors such as cold and drought and high yield amount.
   Learning outcomes Up

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Explain aims and strategies on molecular plant breeding tools at breeding of plants for desired characters.

    Contribution to Program Outcomes

    1. To be able to define general concepts and problems related to Molecular Biology and Genetics and to produce solutions.
    2. To be able to define life forms and their relationship with their environment.
    3. To be able to follow current scientific and technological innovations with the awareness of continuous learning and to apply them in the field.

    Method of assessment

    1. Written exam
    2. Homework assignment
  2. Distinguish different plants having different reproduction biology and select the appropriate hybridization techniques for those particular plant.

    Contribution to Program Outcomes

    1. To be able to define the structure-function relationship at the molecular level in cells and organisms.
    2. To be able to explain the genetic information flow in organisms and populations.
    3. To be able to define life forms and their relationship with their environment.
    4. To be able to apply biological concepts to individual, social, economic, technologic and environmental issues and to develop sustainable approaches for problem solving.

    Method of assessment

    1. Written exam
    2. Homework assignment
  3. Explain advantages and disadvantages of the usages of different plant breeding populations.

    Contribution to Program Outcomes

    1. To be able to explain the genetic information flow in organisms and populations.
    2. To be able to define life forms and their relationship with their environment.
    3. To be able to present their studies in scientific talks and written texts in national and international scientific platforms by a foreign language.

    Method of assessment

    1. Written exam
    2. Homework assignment
   Contents Up
Week 1: Principle and objectives of the classics and modern Plant Breeding, Breeding of plants for resistance to biotic and enviromental stress factors, Breeding of plants for nutritional quality
Week 2: Early Studies at Plant Breeding, Overview of current studies, Domestication of plant, Hybrydisation, Selection, Heterosis, Developing breeding populations
Week 3: Segregation in plants, Segregation types; Mendelian genetics, Polyploidy in plants
Week 4: Plant reproduction biology, Gruoping plants according to reproduction, pollunization and fertilization
Week 5: Molecular markers, Application field of DNA markers, Polymorphic, codominant or dominant markers
Week 6: Development of DNA markers, and Related major molecular tecniques
Week 7: Marker assisted selection of parents and hybrids in plant breeding, The classification used in plant breeding, Selfing, Crossing, Resiprocal breeding, Backcrossing and Breeding generations
Week 8: Midterm exam

Week 9: The usage of molecular maps in plant breeding studies
Week 10: Linkage mapping, Plant Breeding Populations; Doubled Haplois (DHs); Recombinant Inbred Lines (RILs); Near-isogenic Lines (NILs), Doubled haploid plant production, The techniques for polyploid plant production
Week 11: Interactions between genes; Genetic interactions among the genes in the same locus, the genetic interactions between genes in different loci, genetic interactions between genes in two loci,
QTL mapping
Week 12: Omics technology approach in plant breeding studies
Week 13: The usage of microarray systems in plant breeding studies
Week 14: Plant genome structure and organization, Structural, functional and comperative genomics
Week 15*: Make-up
Week 16*: Final exam
Textbooks and materials: 1- Molecular Plant Breeding, Yunbi Xu, 2012.
2- Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, George Acquaah, 2007.
Recommended readings: 1- In Vitro Haploid Production in Higher Plants: Volume 1: Fundamental Aspects and Methods (Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture), S. Mohan Jain, S.K. Sopory, Ricahrd Veilleux , 2010.
2- Principles of Plant Breeding, Second Edition, Robert Wayne Allard, WILLEY, 1999.
3- Molecular Marker Systems in Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement, Horst Lörz, Gerhard Wenzel (Ed), Springer, 2007.
  * Between 15th and 16th weeks is there a free week for students to prepare for final exam.
Assessment Up
Method of assessment Week number Weight (%)
Mid-terms: 8 30
Other in-term studies: 0
Project: 0
Homework: 13,14,15 30
Quiz: 0
Final exam: 16 40
  Total weight:
(%)
   Workload Up
Activity Duration (Hours per week) Total number of weeks Total hours in term
Courses (Face-to-face teaching): 3 14
Own studies outside class: 2 14
Practice, Recitation: 0 0
Homework: 6 2
Term project: 0 0
Term project presentation: 0 0
Quiz: 0 0
Own study for mid-term exam: 8 2
Mid-term: 3 1
Personal studies for final exam: 10 2
Final exam: 3 1
    Total workload:
    Total ECTS credits:
*
  * ECTS credit is calculated by dividing total workload by 25.
(1 ECTS = 25 work hours)
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